Robert E. Rains, J.D. Harvard 1974, is a Professor of Law Emeritus at the Pennsylvania State University Dickinson School of Law in Carlisle, PA, where he taught a seminar on Law and Individuals with Disabilities from 1980 to 2012. He founded the law school’s Disability Law Clinic in 1985, and was its director for almost three decades. In the clinic, supervised upper-level law students represented indigent clients, mostly in claims for SSI, at all administrative levels, as well as in federal court. Prof. Rains has lectured widely on Social Security and SSI law and practice to law students, lawyers, and Social Security Administrative Law Judges. His writings on this area of law have appeared in numerous professional and academic journals. His article, “Professional Responsibility and Social Security Representation: The Myth of the State-Bar Bar to Compliance with Federal Rules on Production of Adverse Evidence,” 92 Cornell L. Rev. 363 (2007), was cited by the Social Security Administration (SSA) when it adopted its 2015 “all evidence” regulations. SSA designated Prof. Rains as a “leading scholar in this area.” 80 FR 14833 (March 20, 2015). A longstanding member of the National Organization of Social Security Claimants’ Representatives (NOSSCR), he was elected to its Board of Directors in 2002. He has authored or co-authored several amicus briefs to the United States Supreme Court on behalf of NOSSCR on various cases on Social Security and SSI law, including Sullivan v. Zebley, 493 U.S. 521 (1990), regarding children’s SSI; Sims v. Apfel, 530 U.S. 103 (2000), regarding issue waiver; and United States v. Windsor (2013), the challenge to the provision in the “Defense of Marriage Act” which denied all federal benefits based on marriage to persons in state-recognized same-sex marriages.